London, being the capital city of England and the United Kingdom, is the densely inhabited region, urban zone and metropolitan area in the United Kingdom. Nearby the River Thames, London has been a foremost reimbursement for two millennia, and it is found by the Romans, who termed it as Londinium. London is a leading global city, with strengths in the arts, commerce, education, entertainment, fashion, finance, healthcare, media, professional services, research and development, tourism and transport all contributing to its prominence. It is one of the world’s leading financial centers and has the fifth-or sixth-largest metropolitan area GDP in the world depending on measurement. London is a world cultural capital. It is the world’s most-visited city as measured by international arrivals and has the world’s largest city airport system measured by passenger traffic. London’s 43 universities form the largest concentration of higher education in Europe. London became the foremost city to host the modern Summer Olympic Games thrice by the year 2012.
London has a varied range of societies and cultures, and more than 300 languages are spoken within its boundaries. It is a chief center of higher education and research and its 43 universities form the largest concentration of higher education in Europe. London contains four World Heritage Sites: The Tower of London; Kew Gardens; the site comprising the Palace of Westminster, Westminster Abbey, and St Margaret’s Church; and the historic settlement of Greenwich. Other renowned landmarks consist of Buckingham Palace, the London Eye, Piccadilly Circus, St Paul’s Cathedral, Tower Bridge, Trafalgar Square, and The Shard. London has abundant museums, galleries, libraries, sporting events and other cultural institutions, along with the eminent British Museum, National Gallery, British Library and 40 West End theatres.